Freekeh is considered a cereal as they are unripe grains of wheat harvested while they are still green; That is, before they turn brown, they are solid, and due to their high humidity, they do not usually burn while roasting; As it is roasted to have a smoked flavor, it is worth noting that freekeh was used and cultivated in the past for decades in the regions of the Middle East; Like Egypt and Lebanon, as for the name freekeh, it is derived from the word rubbing, which is the second step in its manufacture after it has been harvested, and the final product of these grains is grains with a smoky flavor similar to walnuts.
Freekeh is a wholegrain rich in many nutrients, such as: selenium, potassium, magnesium, zinc, iron, and protein, and its protein and linoleic acid content is higher than that of bulgur and rice, while its sugar and fat content was lower, depending on what It was indicated by some research conducted on freekeh.
Freekeh is the king of the Palestinian table
Over the years, the peasants of our country have grown wheat, making it a basic pillar of life. As for rice, it was only commonly known by local cuisine with the entry of foreign armies into the area. Hence the popular proverb that says: "Glory is to the rice and bulgur is hanged." In addition to bulgur, the son of wheat who was "hanged," comes the freekeh, which is green wheat that can be cooked with or without meat. Freekeh is a well-known dish in the Levant, Iraq and the rest of the Mediterranean countries.
Over the years, the peasants of our country have grown wheat, making it a basic pillar of life. As for rice, it was only commonly known by local cuisine with the entry of foreign armies into the area. Hence the popular proverb that says: "Glory is to the rice and bulgur is hanged." In addition to bulgur, the son of wheat who was "hanged," comes the freekeh, which is green wheat that can be cooked with or without meat. Freekeh is a well-known dish in the Levant, Iraq and other countries of the Mediterranean basin, and it is considered one of the most famous recipes of Palestinian cuisine.
Palestinians used to offer freekeh cooked with pieces of meat or chicken, or cooked well for soup. It is considered one of the rich foods that the guests are honored, as it is presented on all occasions, including joys and sorrows. In Ramadan, freekeh shares the well-known traditional Ramadan dishes, such as fattoush and soup of all kinds, the most important of which is lentil soup, which is usually accompanied by a bowl of raw kibbeh, which is made of finely minced meat, or the most crushed, mixed with spices and fine bulgur. According to the family's budget, the food colors in the Ramadan table vary from the common cooks in the Levant, such as mulukhiyah, in which fasting people often open breakfast on the first day of fasting, optimistic in its green color and what it contains of goodness.
There are many wonderful types of grains known in their benefits and known around the world, but green freekeh has a special place due to its distinctive health properties. In recent years, many recommendations have emerged regarding healthy alternatives to the carbohydrates that we eat in our daily meals, so many people have started using bulgur or quinoa instead of rice.
These are the many and varied benefits of freekeh:
1- Promote digestion:
Due to the high fiber content of freekeh, eating it helps greatly in promoting and facilitating the health of the digestive system and the digestive process and alleviating common digestive problems, such as diarrhea and constipation. The fibers in the freekeh add the necessary structure for the waste to move through the digestive tract smoothly and without any problems.
2- Weight control:
It is known that foods rich in protein have the ability to make a person feel full for a longer period, which helps to lose weight over time, as it reduces the desire to eat any snacks during the day, which reduces the calories consumed. Although studies have not yet addressed the direct role of freekeh in weight loss, many studies have proven the benefits of fiber in losing weight.
3- Promote eye health:
Freekeh is a great source of important and essential antioxidants, as it contains lutein and zeaxanthin, which are antioxidants known to fight cellular aging with age. There is scientific evidence linking these antioxidants to healthy eyes and healthy growth since childhood. As these antioxidants are found mainly in breast milk, and other sources include egg yolk.
4- Treatment of gastrointestinal infections:
Freekeh contains prebiotics, which, according to many studies, may effectively treat many digestive problems, such as irritable bowel syndrome. Researchers believe that prebiotics have the ability to provide the good food needed by beneficial gut bacteria, which play an important role in fighting intestinal and colon diseases.
5- Build muscle and increase stamina:
Each 100 grams of freekeh contains 2.2 grams of the amino acid called glutamic acid, and this type of acid is commonly used among athletes and bodybuilding practitioners because it helps build muscle and increase endurance.
6- Control blood sugar levels:
Freekeh is an ideal choice for people with diabetes who are looking for natural ways to keep their sugar levels under control. The glycemic index of whole grains like freekeh is equivalent to 43, making it a very suitable choice for diabetics.
Is it harmful to freekeh?
Freekeh is beneficial and there is no risk of eating it, but it is an option that is preferred to be avoided by people with wheat allergy and who cannot eat foods that contain gluten.
Therefore, it is very useful to add freekeh to our diets because of its very high nutritional value and many benefits for the human body
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